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Cervical cancer

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Cervical cancer is a cancer arising from the cervix and is the most frequent cancer among female genital malignancies.
It occurs from the part called the uterine cervix at the entrance of the uterus. Often occurred near the entrance of the uterus, it is easy to observe and examine with ordinary gynecological examination.
Therefore, it is a cancer that is easily found.
It is relatively easy to treat and has a good prognosis if found at an early stage. However, it is extremely important to detect early as it is hard to treat as it progresses.
Recently, the incidence of cervical cancer among young women in their 20s to 30s is rapidly increasing. The incidence rate tends to be on the rise.
Cervical cancer occurs mainly due to persistent infection of a carcinogenic virus called human papillomavirus infection (HPV). HPV infects people from people through sexual intercourse, not only a special person is infected, but anyone with sexual experience may be infected with HPV.

Symptoms of cervical cancer

Early cervical cancer has no symptoms at all.
Even without gynecological symptoms, we recommend that women take a screening of uterine cancer once every two years from the age of 30 (or the age of 25 for married women). The first symptoms of cancer progression include bleeding when not menstruating, bleeding in case of sexual activity, increasing amount of irregular vaginal discharge, and also sometimes the amount of menstruation increases or prolongs. Since it is rare for women whose their partners have passed away or elderly ladies to bleed by sexual activity, we may see bleeding after cervical cancer has progressed considerably. Particularly such women need to undergo a medical examination.

Cervical cancer examination

We will take cells of the neck with a spatula or swab, perform cytodiagnosis and HPV examination, and then will diagnose dysplasia and the presence of cancer cells with a microscope.
If high-grade dysplasia or cancer cells are suspected, we will observe with a magnifying glass called colposcope and take the tissue and look it up (this process is called “biopsy”).After the diagnosis, in order to investigate the spread of the cancer, we will perform internal examination, rectal examination, ultrasonic examination (echo), CT examination, MRI, urinary tract shooting etc. as necessary.

Recommendation of medical examination

Even if you have examined uterine cancer and have "no abnormality", there is a possibility that you have been already infected with the causative HPV or newly been infected after screening. Even if no abnormality is found at medical examination, it is important to take an exam at least once a year.

【Basic Information of Uterus Cancer Examination】
Eligible person 20 years of age or older
Visit interval Every second year
Main content Interview, Inspection, Cytology, Internal examination, Colposcope inspection
Place Local governments, city offices, public health centers, Some branches of Japan Cancer Society
Result Notification of Inspection Results within 10 days to 1 months